Eye and Vision: Some of the Most Common Diseases

Eye problems are common among people as they get older. There are conditions, however, that can affect anyone regardless of age.

Here are some of the most common diseases related to the eyes:

Graves’ Disease

Also known as Thyroid Eye Disease or Graves’ ophthalmopathy, this condition is characterized by the enlargement of the eye muscles, upper eyelid retraction, swelling and redness. Fluids drawn into the muscle are stored, leading to scar tissue development. Also, swelling causes the muscles to push the eye forward, making it protrude.



This is the gradual clouding of the eye’s clear lens in the eye, resulting in a blurry or hazy image and light sensitivity. It’s a normal part of aging and can be treated.

Age-related Macular Degeneration

The macula is a small spot located near the back of the eye. This sends perceived images to your brain. It deteriorates with age, and symptoms may include blurry central vision, difficulty in distinguishing colours, distorted or wavy lines and loss of clear detail.


This is a group of ocular diseases that damage the eye’s optic nerve. This results in vision loss and blindness. Glaucoma occurs due to the increase in the normal fluid pressure inside the eyes.


This refers to the condition in which one or both eyes are not properly aligned due to a lack of coordination between the two. As a result, the eyes look in different directions and don’t focus on a single point at once.

Many eye problems have no early warning symptoms. This is why it’s advisable to take a dilated exam to detect eye problems in their early stages. This will allow you to have the best vision possible for years to come.